Agricultural development

Iran is a rich country with diverse agricultural areas and the four-season climate and fertile soil of this land has made agriculture one of the most important industries in the country. As the result, providing a favorable situation to increase exports of agricultural products such as raw materials for food products, oilseeds, legumes, root and medicinal plants, vegetables and livestock and poultry feed by improving technology and scientific standards, financial support and investment, increasing the quality of agricultural products is one of the main priorities in the agricultural sector.Therefore, it is important to evaluate and use all the potential of agricultural areas. By identifying the capabilities of each province regarding agricultural production, sustainable agricultural production can be achieved and the use and protection of natural resources can be optimized.For example, Iran, with an annual production of 330 tons and exports of 280 tons of saffron, is the largest producer and exporter of this product in the world (based on 1398 statistics). Meanwhile, Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan provinces have the largest share (about 85%) in Iranian saffron production. Quantitatively, Torbat-e Heydariyeh city in Khorasan Razavi province, with an area of ​​7500 hectares of saffron among all producers of this product, has the first production in the country. Saffron of Ghaen city is also considered as one of the highest quality saffron produced in the country.Saffron is a valuable product and compatible with water shortage, and the existence of 3 million hectares of land suitable for saffron cultivation in Khorasan Razavi province will be the best place to cultivate this crop. Since the Chabahar coastal water transmission line passes through the saffron-rich areas of the country and also reduction in the need for drinking water in autumn and winter, the surplus water transferred to this area can be used to grow saffron and high-yield crops that do not need a lot of water and plant saffron in an area of ​​30,000 hectares.

Industry development

According to domestic and foreign experts, economic growth is directly related to the multiplicity of industries and the optimal use of a country’s resources. To achieve this goal, the first significant condition is the integration of economic policies at different levels on one hand and the cooperation of government and the private sectors on the other hand. But in recent years, owing to the country’s special circumstances and sanctions, the country’s industrial, mining and trade policies have been affected by the temporary economic, political and security situation and have lacked the necessary integration for the country’s industrial development. Such a situation has formed many limitations in the process of industrial, mining and commercial development, reduced productivity, widespread unemployment and environmental degradation, and a comprehensive solution must be considered to deal with them.One of the main obstacles for industrial development is water. Water, as one of the key components of economic growth, plays an important role in the production of industrial products (petrochemicals, steel, etc.) and easy access to water resources can greatly reduce production costs and to some extent eliminate industrial dependence on other countries.On the other hand, the development of villages and small workshops requires water resources. According to UN reports, in developing countries, about 54% of the population lives in rural areas, and investing in the rural economy can play a significant role in their development. Rural development means national development. Based on this approach, a special focus should be given to water production, and with the establishment of the necessary organizations and proper government policies, the cost of water production and transmission should be reduced so as to eliminate economic problems with the growth of industries, mines and factories.